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It being desirable that a general convention, and instrument of mutualagreement, should exist between Denmark and the Hawaiian Islands, the followingarticles have for that purpose, and to that intent, been mutually agreedupon and signed between the Governments of Denmark and the Hawaiian Island:

ARTICLE I.    There shall be perpetual peace aridamity between His Majesty the King of Denmark, and His Majesty the Kingof the Hawaiian Islands, their heirs and successors.

ARTICLE II.    The subjects of His Majesty theKing of Denmark, residing within the dominions of the King of the HawaiianIslands, shall enjoy the same protection in regard to their civil rightsas well as to their persons and properties, as native subjects; and theKing of the Hawaiian Islands engages to grant to Danish subjects the samerights and privileges which now are, or may hereafter be, granted to orenjoyed by any other foreigners, subjects of the most favored nation.

ARTICLE III.    The protection of the King ofthe Hawaiian Islands shall he extended to all Danish vessels, their officersand crews, within the harbors and roads of his dominions. In time of war,they shall receive all possible protection against the enemies of the Kingof Denmark. In case of shipwreck, the local authorities and officers ofthe King shall use their utmost exertions to succour them and secure themfrom plunder.
   The salvage dues shall he settled according to the generallaw of salvage, and, in case of dispute, shall be regulated by arbitratorschose by both parties.

ARTICLE IV.    The desertion of seamen belongingto Danish vessels shall be severely repressed by the local authorities,who shall employ all means at their disposal to arrest and confine deserters,and the lawful expenses shall be defrayed by the captain or owners. Insuch eases, no unnecessary severity is to he used, and due notice is tohe immediately given to the Danish Consul, agreeably to the 6th articleof this treaty.

ARTICLE V.    Danish subjects shall be allowedto reside or settle on any part of the dominions of the King of the HawaiianIslands, obtaining a document certifying that they are worthy persons,from the Danish Consul, whose duty it is not to give any such documentto others than bona fide subjects of His Majesty the King of Denmark.
   In the case of Danish sailors wishing to remain on theislands, permission shall be previously obtained of the Government by theDanish Consul.

ARTICLE VI.    It is agreed that the Danish Consulshall be instructed to zealously attempt to settle amicably and extra-judicially,all difficulties arising with Danish subjects; and that when any case isbrought before the court of foreign causes, the presiding judge shall withthe least possible delay, communicate knowledge thereof to the Danish Consul;also that when Danish sailors or subjects are committed, in consequenceof police or other offences information shall be conveyed to him, forthwith,by the Prefect or other officer of the police.

ARTICLE VII.    No Danish productions, or anyother goods on hoard of, or imported in Danish ships, that can be importedby other foreign ships, shalt be prohibited, nor pay more than those dutieslevied on goods of the most favored nation. Any alteration in the dutieslevied on goods, shall not take effect nor be enforced until twelve calendarmonths after the first public notification of such change.

ARTICLE VIII.    Danish merchandise and property,or goods imported in Danish vessels, liable to an entrance-duty higherthan 5 per cent. ad valorem, shall be allowed to be bonded, paying onlythe usual transit duty.

   Until the erection of a building by the Hawaiian Governmentfor such warehouses arid bonding, such Danish merchandise or property,or goods imported in Danish vessels, shall be allowed to be warehousedand bonded in private warehouses, under the seals arid superintendenceof the Hawaiian custom-house officers, and the responsibility of the ownerof the goods, or the consignee.

ARTICLE IX.    All Danish vessels shall have theright and privilege of disposing of their cargoes, or any part thereof,at all or any of the ports of the Hawaiian dominions, now open, or thatmay hereafter be opened to foreign commerce, and to take in any produceof the Hawaiian Islands, which they may receive in payment of such cargoes.But they shall not be allowed to take any goods or merchandise or freightfrom one island or port to another, such coasting trade being restrictedto bottoms sailing under the Hawaiian flag.

ARTICLE X. The subjects of His Majesty, the King of the HawaiianIslands, shall, in their commercial relations, or relations of any othernature, with Denmark and her possessions, be treated on the footing ofthe most favored nation.

Done at Honolulu this day 19th day of October, 1846.

ADDTIONAL ARTICLE.    Thistreaty shall not be permanently binding till it receive the ratificationof His Majesty the King of Denmark; but in the meanwhile, for the sakeof what Danish vessels or subjects may arrive, it is mutually agreed thatit shall take effect, provisionally, from the date of its ratificationby His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands.

Done at Honolulu this day 19th day of October, 1846.

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