Approved and proposed for signature and accession by General Assembly Resolution 260 (III) A of 9 December 1948.
Entry into force: 12 January 1951, in accordance with article XIII
The Contracting Parties,
Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of theUnited Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946 thatgenocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit andaims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world;
Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted greatlosses on humanity; and
Being convinced that, in order to liberate mankind from such an odiousscourge, international co-operation is required;
Hereby agree as hereinafter provided.
Article 1. The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whethercommitted in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime underinternational law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
Art. 2. In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
Art. 3. The following acts shall be punishable:
Art. 4. Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall be punished, whether they areconstitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or privateindividuals.
Art. 5. The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention and, in particular, to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of genocide or any of theother acts enumerated in Article 3.
Art. 6. Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such international penal tribunal as may have jurisdiction with respect to those Contracting Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.
Art. 7. Genocide and the other acts enumerated in Article 3 shall not be considered as political crimes for the purpose of extradition.
The Contracting Parties pledge themselves in such cases to grant extradition in accordance with their laws and treaties in force.
Art. 8. Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United Nations as they consider appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 3.
Art. 9. Disputes between the Contracting Parties relating to theinterpretation, application or fulfilment of the present Convention,including those relating to the responsibility of a State for genocide orany of the other acts enumerated in Article 3, shall be submitted to theInternational Court of Justice at the request of any of the parties to thedispute.
Art. 10. The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall bear the date of 9 December 1948.
Art. 11. The present Convention shall be open until 31 December 1949 for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State to which an invitation to sign has been addressed by the General Assembly.
The present Convention shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
After 1 January 1950, the present Convention may be acceded to on behalfof any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State which hasreceived an invitation as aforesaid.
Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-Generalof the United Nations.
Art. 12. Any Contracting Party may at any time, by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, extend the application of the present Convention to all or any of the territories forthe conduct of whose foreign relations that Contracting Party is responsible.
Art. 13. On the day when the first twenty instruments of ratification or accession have been deposited, the Secretary-General shall draw up a proces-verbal and transmit a copy of it to each Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in Article 11.
The present Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
Any ratification or accession effected subsequent to the latter date shall become effective on the ninetieth day following the deposit of the instrument of ratification or accession.
Art. 14. The present Convention shall remain in effect for a period of ten years as from the date of its coming into force.
It shall thereafter remain in force for successive periods of five yearsfor such Contracting Parties as have not denounced it at least six monthsbefore the expiration of the current period.
Denunciation shall be effected by a written notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Art. 15. If, as a result of denunciations, the number of Parties to the present Convention should become less than sixteen, the Convention shall cease to be in force as from the date on which the last of these denunciations shall become effective.
Art. 16. A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any time by any Contracting Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General.
The General Assembly shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken inrespect of such request.
Art. 17. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify all Members of the United Nations and the non-member States contemplated in Article 11 of the following:
Art. 18. The original of the present Convention shall bedeposited in the archives of the United Nations.
A certified copy of the Convention shall be transmitted to all Membersof the United Nations and to the non-member States contemplated in Article11.
Art. 19. The present Convention shall be registered by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the date of its coming into force.
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